Platinum

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Platinum was discovered by South American peoples who produced artifacts of a white gold-platinum alloy. The first written account of platinum was from Julius C Scaliger in 1557. He describes it as a strange metal found in mines between Panama and Mexico and wrote that no fire or any of the Spanish arts could melt it.

The name platinum comes from the Spanish word 'platina' which means "little silver"

Nearly half of all platinum produced is used in catalytic converters, these are devices which control harmful vehicle emissions

Platinum's resistance to tarnish and corrosion as well as its silver-like shine and extreme rarity make it ideal for making jewelry

Meteorites and our moon have a higher percentage of platinum than Earth